This exam uses low-dose x-rays to make a picture of breast tissue. The picture is called a mammogram.
This test is done to detect breast cancer and to help determine size and location of a lump before a biopsy or surgery. It may be done:
- As a screening test—in women without symptoms
- As a diagnostic test—to help make a diagnosis in women with symptoms like a lump or change in breast shape
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that women aged 50-74 years old get a mammography every two years. Other organizations recommend screening every year starting at age 40. Women who are at high risk for breast cancer may need to have mammograms starting at an earlier age and more often.
Talk to your doctor about what is best for you.
GUIDED BREAST BIOPSY AND MRI
Steriotactic Guided Biopsy
A stereotactic guided biopsy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses advanced three dimensional mapping to target and remove a sample of a suspicious breast growth or abnormality so that it can be evaluated by a pathologist for cancerous tissue.
To diagnose these abnormalities, our radiologists at CBCC Miami, can perform ultrasound-guided or MRI-guided biopsies.
MRI Guided Biopsy
MRI guided biopsies are used for those abnormalities that can only been seen using an MRI. Computers are then used to find the suspicious tissue, plot its location, and help aim the probe.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests use powerful magnetic field and radio frequency pulses to produce detailed images of the body. An MRI can offer valuable information about the health of the breast that cannot be obtained with other diagnostic imaging options.
A breast MRI is not a replacement for a mammography or ultrasound imaging, but as a supplemental tool that may be used when:
- Determining the extent of cancer after diagnosis
- Evaluating hard-to-assess abnormalities seen in mammography
- Monitoring the treatments of breast cancer, such as a lumpectomy or chemotherapy
- Examining breast implants for ruptures or bulges
CT & CTA SCAN
A computerized tomography (CT) scan, or CT scan, uses a computer to combine multiple x-rays to create cross-sectional images of the body. CTA is a type of medical exam that combines a CT scan with an injection of a special iodine-rich dye called contrast material.
A full body CTA can provide physicians with a road map of how your body systems are functioning, and may provide early warnings of cancer, disease and other health abnormalities.
Nuclear medicine uses small amounts of radioactive material to determine not only the structure, but the actual function of organs and bones. This enables physicians to diagnose a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers, heart disease, aneurysms, thyroid problems, and irregular or inadequate blood flow.
There are several different diagnostic tests that fall under this branch of medicine, each designed specifically to gather the information needed from the affected organ or system.
- Cardiac Nuclear Medicine
A thallium stress test allows a physician to evaluate how efficiently blood flows into the heart heart during exercise and at rest.
- The nuclear stress test can be referred to by other names, such as a thallium stress test, myocardial perfusion scan, or radionuclide test.
- A MUGA scan is a test using a radioactive tracer (called a radionuclide) and a special camera to take pictures of your heart as it pumps blood. The test measures how well your heart pumps with every heartbeat. The test measures your ejection fraction, which is the amount of blood pumped out of the heart during each heartbeat (contraction). It’s usually expressed as a percentage
- Skeletal Nuclear Medicine
A bone scan is effective for identifying damage days or even months before it can be seen by a standard X-ray.
- A bone scan is a test that can find damage to the bones, find cancer that has spread to the bones, and watch problems such as infection and trauma to the bones. A bone scan can often find a problem days to months earlier than a regular X-ray test.
- Endocrine Nuclear Medicine
A thyroid scan and uptake are two diagnostic tests that when taken together provided a complete picture of the gland. The scan evaluates size and position and the uptake evaluates function.
- Thyroid scan and uptake uses small amounts of radioactive materials called radiotracers, a special camera and a computer to provide information about your thyroid’s size, shape, position and function that is often unattainable using other imaging procedures.
- A parathyroid scan is used in nuclear medicine to look at possible problems involving the parathyroid gland(s). The parathyroids are four small glands lying close to or embedded in the back surface of the thyroid gland, which is situated in the front of your neck
- Gastroenterology System Nuclear Medicine
- A liver spleen scan is a specialized radiology procedure used to examine the liver to identify certain conditions or to assess the function of the liver. A liver scan may also be used to follow the progress of treatment of certain conditions.
- Hepatobiliary imaging scan is a type of nuclear medicine imaging that helps evaluate the liver, gallbladder and the ducts that are part of the biliary system.
- Gastric Emptying scan The most common type of gastric emptying study is a procedure that is done by nuclear medicine physicians using radioactive chemicals that measures the speed with which food empties from the stomach and enters the small intestine. Gastric emptying studies are used for evaluating patients who are having symptoms that may be due to slow and, less commonly, rapid emptying of the stomach. The symptoms of slow emptying are primarily nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and abdominal fullness after eating. The symptoms of rapid emptying are diarrhea, weakness, or light-headedness after eating.
- Urology nuclear medicine
Renal scanA renal scan is a nuclear medicine exam in which a small amount of radioactive material (radioisotope) is used to measure the function of the kidneys. A renal scan is also known as a renal scintigraphy, renal imaging, or a renogram.
Ultrasound examinations are noninvasive medical tests that help diagnose and treat medical conditions. They can capture the size, structure and shape of parts of the body that cannot be seen using conventional x-rays. An ultrasound exam is vitally important in detecting changes or complications in organs, tissues, and vessels or to detect abnormal masses, such as tumors, gallstones, kidney stones, or liver disease by exposing specific body parts to high-frequency sound waves to produce pictures. Since there is no use of radiation, ultrasound can be safely used on pregnant women to evaluate the baby´s growth and determine due dates.
The most widely known form of digital imaging of the human body is X-ray. This procedure issues minimal doses of radiation as x-rays in a targeted area to detect an abnormality or fracture. X-rays are a safe and painless procedure that lasts 10-20 minutes on average, and allows the radiologist to analyze bones and tissues.
X-ray are most commonly used to examine the chest which can be used to identify lung diseases such as pneumonia or lung cancer, and the abdomen, which can detect intestinal obstruction. X-rays may also be used to detect pathology such as gallstones or kidney stones. Traditional X-rays are less useful when imaging soft tissues such as the brain or muscle.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI, MR & MRCP)
MRI is a painless and harmless way of looking inside your body without using radiation. MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves to scan your body. The radio signals return information that conventional x-rays are unable to provide; each type of tissue sends out a different signal that create a clear, detailed “picture” of the area examined.
BONE MINERAL DENSITOMETRY
It’s a way of measuring the strength of your bones by testing how dense they are with x-ray technology. Bones may get less dense for several reasons. It’s a natural process that starts in midlife. But for some people, it can start earlier (due to certain medical treatments, for example).
Osteoporosis is a disease that increases bone loss. Bones become thin and brittle. That can result in:
- Loss of height or a hump on your back
- Chronic pain
- Loss of movement caused by fractures
- Higher risk of hip fractures – which can have fatal complications
Osteoporosis affects about 10 million Americans. But bone density testing can mean early, more effective treatment.